Conditional Routing in Symfony using ENV Vars
Posted by Matt on Sunday February 23, 2020
I recently wanted to be able to control whether a route was available based on an environment variable, in dev I wanted it available, but in production I wanted it turned off (for now). I like using feature flags and environment variables to toggle things on and off, and thought I'd write up how I did it here.
To do this, we make use of a number of features in Symfony:
First, I a parameter in the config from an environment variable. Then I need to make sure there's a default value to fall back to if the environment variable isn't found.
config/services.yaml file I have:
parameters: contact_enabled: '%env(default:default_contact_enabled:bool:CONTACT_ENABLED)%' default_contact_enabled: false
This falls back to the
default_contact_enabled value if the environment variable isn't set in the environment it's currently running in.
We then use a condition on the route and the expression syntax to pull the
contact_enabled value from the configuration, and if it's truthy, the route will be enabled.
contact: path: /contact controller: App\Action\Contact condition: "%contact_enabled% == true"
With this, if the environment variable
CONTACT_ENABLED is set to
1, then the route is registered and works. But if it's not set, or it's set to
0 it will 404.
Mon 24th Feb 2020:
The above will mean that the environment variable will be read at compile time in Symfony, so if you changed it, you'd need to re-compile the app. In Symfony 5.1 we'll be able to use
env() in routing conditions!
Thank for sharing. The drawback here is that the env var will be read at compile time, which kinda defeat its purpose. Good news, Symfony 5.1 will provide a solution, you could mention it in your article: https://t.co/oFRuk3RP19— Nicolas Grekas (@nicolasgrekas) February 24, 2020
Thanks to Nicolas Grekas for pointing this out.